Magecraft (魔術, Majutsu?), or Thaumaturgy, is the artificial reenactment of Mystery, which is ordinarily possible only by inhuman beings.[1][2]

It is the ability to bring about what is possible through science with supernatural means; although the process is considered a miracle, the result is not. The limits of Magecraft have changed with time, as science evolved and Magic from the past became possible through science.

There exists no impossibility for modern Magecraft within the rules of the world and limits of human intellect; there are limitations, however, where it only appears that something is possible. Because Magecraft acts as the reenactment of preexisting phenomena, it is impossible to use it to create new Mysteries; even with an infinite amount of research, there exists a "wall" preventing human wisdom from doing so in the current era. The realm past this "wall" is known as Magic.

Modern Magecraft is inferior to that from the Age of Gods in terms of magnitude because magi from that era had acquired their magical energy from the Root directly. The difference between modern and traditional Magecraft is explainable by the difference in civilizations - while the civilization of the Age of Gods existed side-by-side with the truth, the civilization of the Age of Man exists in order to search for the truth.

Thaumaturgical SystemEdit

Thaumaturgical System is the general term used to refer to the several modern schools of Magecraft such as Astrology, Kabbalah, Alchemy, and Shinsendou. Divergences can be found among different schools, but the fundamental basis is “to convert Magical Energy inside the user’s body to transform the external world”. The practitioner acts in accord with the system that each school operates under to execute a pre-built program. That “program” is a set of universal rules that interfere with nature once they are enforced. The power that enforces those rules is the magical energy of the magus and the command to do it is made through his Circuits. The greater the interference, the greater will be the amount of magical energy consumed.

Being originally magic, Thaumaturgy draws upon a predetermined power from the Root. However, because that amount of power is fixed, the more people draw from it at the same time, the more Magecraft’s capacities become mundane. In short, the greater is the collective number of magi, the weaker their individual power. Each school engraves their system of Thaumaturgical Theory into the world and uses the rules of that system to operate their spells. The efficiency of a system depends on how disseminated it is, as in the more people believe or use it. It is not uncommon for a system to not work properly when used outside its place of origin. In that regard, the teachings and holy words of the Church is the Thaumaturgical Theory with the greatest number of believers and effective area. Note that the case is different with magic foundations that are not academia or religions but rather are passed down through personal orally transmitted teachings, the limited inheritance in clans, etc. As long as the rules of those foundations are met, it is possible to exhibit the same basic effect no matter where one is in the world.

The main aim of the Magi’s academia is to make the impossible possible. If something cannot be achieved with modern Thaumaturgy, the magi research and develop their arts just for the sake of changing that. Powerful sorceries like High Thaumaturgy and Greater Rituals are ultimately challenges in order to reach the goal called Magic. After a certain point of development, differences between power and even between Magic and Thaumaturgy start to lose their importance in practical terms. Battles between two great Magi will not be decided by their power, but by who possesses the system whose rules has the fewer tiers. It is not the power behind them, but the concepts they work under.

The activation of magecraft from an established school requires following a strict set of protocol, one step of which is spellcasting. When compared to the application process of a document, the act of application, acceptance, review, and issuance, spellcasting is the application step of magecraft. It is mostly a convention when utilizing magecraft with a broad foundation, but it has potent self-suggestive powers for those who practice their own style of magecraft. As the Magic Circuits that shape magecraft already exist inside a magus' body, incantations are the "personal adage" that help the magi transform themselves, a method to efficiently activate and mobilize the Magic Circuits.

Although magecraft has died out as of the 2030s in the Fate/EXTRA world, wizards are able to utilize Code Casts both in the virtual world and real world. They also possess Magic Crests.[3]

Spellcasting (呪文詠唱, Jumon Eishō?) is not a method used to speak to the World, but to oneself. Different magi will utilize different incantations even for the same spell due to their distinct natures. Spells that speak to the World, classified as Grand Spells or Grand Rituals, and not to the individual are impossible for an individual to use under normal circumstances.[4]

Magecraft is that "which governs the skills of past humans that science cannot explain" and science is that "which gathers the technology of future humanity that sorcery cannot reach." The two disciplines are absolutely incompatible with each other, but they are similar in a single respect. The pursuers of each practice seek continued prosperity, protecting the future of humanity.[5]

Equivalent ExchangeEdit

Equivalent Exchange (等価交換, Tōka Kōkan?) – The primary rule of Thaumaturgy. In order to create something, another object must be given as a price. It may also involve modification to an existing object. The base of all Thaumaturgy is the use of magical energy to produce something that either already exists or can exist. That which falls into the Phantasm category, something made entirely out of images and might not even exist naturally anymore, will eventually be wiped out by the world for being in conflict with this rule.

Shirou Emiya is able to bypass this rule to some extent when it comes to his Projections, since everything that he Traces is actually being pulled out of his own internal world by the power of his Reality Marble.

It is also standard amongst Magi to make up for every deed, item or piece of information given to them with repayment of equal value.[6]

Thaumaturgical FoundationEdit

A Thaumaturgical Foundation (魔術基盤, Majutsu Kiban?)[7] is a Thaumaturgical Theory (魔術理論, Majutsu Riron?) "engraved" upon the World in the form of scholarship or religion ─ a body of pre-established rules, fomented per the faith of the populace. It is also called a Greater Magic Formula (大魔術式, Dai Majutsu Shiki?) as a cluster of Magic Formulae (魔術式, Majutsu Shiki?), each of which runs a Magecraft(program) written within it when a Mage sends a command through their Magic Circuits to it.[8] In other words, Foundations are necessary for the usage of Magecraft.

If it is believed that the subject of a Mystery "exists," the World permits its existence. Definite affirmation of said belief is not required. For example, even though the majority of modern humans reject the existence of ghosts, modern science cannot outright demonstrate that they do not exist, and, thus, within the unconscious, there lurks the vague suspicion that "they might indeed exist." This sort of "suspicion" falls under the category of "faith." "Ignorance" is the force that opposes "faith." If the existence of ghosts is itself utterly unknown, faith cannot foment.

Each Thaumaturgical School has its own Foundation and the further a user is away from their Foundation, the weaker the effect of their Magecraft becomes.[9] For instance, Icecolle clan lost their power as they moved from western Europe to Siberia to escape witch-hunting. In any case, if faith in a mystery is widely disseminated, a relevant Thaumaturgical Theory gains robustness. For a Theory weak in faith, "the power that engraves" is similarly infirm, and in other nations where its mystery is wholly unknown, implementation of descendant magecraft fails. The Thaumaturgical Theory of the Church, in the form of its Holy Sacraments, is the most widespread and well-stabilized in the world. The only exception are those magic foundations that are passed down through personal orally transmitted teachings, the limited inheritance in clans, etc. As long as the rules of their foundations are met, it is possible to exhibit the same basic effect, no matter where one is in the world.

Known Thaumaturgical SchoolsEdit

  • Curses aren’t taught at the Mage's Association, and they are far behind the schools of the Middle East on that subject.[10][11]
  • The Taiji (太極, Taikyoku?) is a philosophy originated in ancient China, a graphical representation of the Yin-Yang theory. Those who practice Western magecraft are incompatible with Chinese philosophies.[12]
  • Alchemy – A school that focuses its studies around the flow of matter, most alchemists research on conversion of matter, but those of Atlas delve in the conversion of phenomena.
  • Kabbalah (カバラ, Kabara?), the Hebrew word for "Receiving", is a major Thaumaturgical School from the Middle East and Europe, centered mainly around deciphering hidden codes in holy scriptures. Its name was coined by Solomon ibn Gabirol (Avicebron) in the world of Type Moon, however, that is not true for real history. Solomon uses the book of Yetzirah for the creation of golems. Aoko Aozaki uses one of Kabbalah's ancient branches, the Notarikon. Other branches include the Temurah and Gematria, the latter which was the basis for the Numerology of Michael Roa Valdamjong. The Tree of Life also makes several appearances in Fate/Grand Order.



Resistance (抗魔力, Kōmaryoku?), a power inherent to anyone with Magic Circuits, the capacity to resist spells which aim to control the target by the spiritual medium (those along the lines of sleep, paralysis and coercion). By circulating magical energy inside one's Circuits, one can reject outside magical energy that tries to invade his/her self. Therefore, it is possible to disrupt a spell before it can complete itself. A very efficient form of defense, it makes it difficult to affect even lesser magi. Also, those who are not Magi but still possess Magic Circuits may unconsciously protect themselves like this. Because of it, most magi use spells capable of physical interference rather than just spiritual ones.

However, what is being rejected is the magical energy, the spell itself is not nullified. A spell that has already been completed and is manifesting its effects cannot be cancelled like this. Caster, however, is an exception. She can disrupt even completed spells due to her absurd amount of magical energy and because the structure of modern Magecraft’s spells are far inferior to those of her time.

Breathing and WalkingEdit

Breathing and Walking (呼吸・歩法, Kokyū Hohō?) is a key concept in Magecraft and Martial Arts. Though mainly affecting one’s physical fitness, it also plays a role in the strength of nature interference. The absorption of outer energy (breath of life) to connect your inner world to the outer world. The acts of inspiring, expiring and everything in between are part of a process that allows one to take in or release the gods. The Magi use incantation spells to cause a specific phenomenon to occur, but those whose breathing, movement, body and very existence can cause nature interference are beyond that. An example would be the Shinto practice of banishing evil spirits and other unnatural forces just by clapping. However, this particular skill is something that takes a lifetime to learn.

Not valued by Western magi, but among the teachings of the east, the techniques of breathing and walking are high-level secrets that can’t just be imitated or easily learned. Therefore, Eastern schools always search for at least one individual capable of mastering them in a generation.

Sometimes however, there are those who are simply born with the “proper way of breathing and walking”. As a result, their own body acts as one pure, natural Circuit. Those humans can reproduce greater mysteries than the magi without knowing anything about Thaumaturgy. When found while still in their childhood, they are treated as holy children or prodigies and usually taken in by those who follow the supernatural path. Still, there are cases of those who grow up without learning about their true nature.

Souichirou Kuzuki's martial arts training gave him some proficiency in this skill, although it is nothing near the level of Magecraft. Shirou Emiya's daily Magecraft training involves breathing exercises and during the fight with Gilgamesh he tried to bring his breathing pace down to normal conditions.


A magus normally has the capacity to manipulate at least one of them. However, there are cases of those who can manipulate Elements that are completely different from any of the ones specified above. Within the Mage’s Association, individuals like these tend to be from either very selective houses or not be part of the Association at all. Cases of magus who possesses more than one Elemental Affinity, and even the affinity to Compound Elements, are also known. Usually said individuals try to master spells that make use of more than one Element at the same time (ex: “liquid manipulation” through the use of Water and Wind Elements). Those capable of manipulating all five Elements receive the title of Average One and are highly valued by the Mage’s Association. Methods to change one’s Elemental Affinity exist, but they are very painful and dangerous.

The set of Elements that, according to the teachings of Magecraft schools, are the basic substances that shape the world: Fire, Water, Earth, Wind and Void (Ether) or Water, Fire, Earth, Wood and Metal. Fire is called normal and Wind is said to be noble.


Origin (起源, Kigen?) is the starting point that defines one's existence and directs one's actions throughout life. It is the driving force that comes from within the Root that has managed to stream out of the Source and take on material form. The form it can take on at times is that of a human being, and all humans match their actions to be in harmony with the driving force that originated them from the moment they enter into the world. These actions are more along the lines of an inherent compulsion that could be called a person's instinct rather than a conscious decision. If a person becomes awakened to their Origin, it becomes nearly impossible to stray from their Origin if it's even possible in the first place. It becomes an impulsive behavior one would follow as though it were an absolute order. The Ryougi Family is able to awaken the Origin of newborns, and Souren Araya is capable of awakening one to their Origin after receiving consent from the person beforehand. Araya claims that death and Origins are related, and his various experiments on death are used to further his knowledge on them.[13]

Under the system of Magecraft, Origins are used to describe precise details about a magus, while Elemental Affinity indicates one’s general alignment.[8] Magi with an Origin that is strongly expressed outwardly are sometimes removed from the normal alignments and there are times that the origin itself becomes the alignment. Most of those magi exhibit their talents as extreme specialists, allowing them to potentially reach higher grounds than normal magi. Even those without an Elemental Affinity are sometimes still capable of casting spells simply by following their Origin. It's possible for them to overcome great obstacles such as a lack of Circuits or a lack of talent for Magecraft altogether. Shirou Emiya's origin is "Sword" and his alignment as a Magus is also "Sword". He is unable to use magic of the five great elements with precision because he doesn't have any of them as an alignment, but it does allow for the manifestation of "Unlimited Blade Works."[14]

Origins by characters:



Consecration (聖別, Seibetsu?), is the process of identification of a person’s Elemental Affinity through the use of sage, tarot cards and personality tests.

Noble ColorsEdit

Noble Colors System is a special classification system of the Mage's Association used to grade special abilities such as Sorcery Traits. The term "Noble Colors" is used to refer to special and innate things where the workings of the magic circuit are close to the movements of a celestial body (normally they're closer to the movements of the crust), and is innate and special.[14] In practice, however, it relates mostly with Mystic Eyes. Powerful eyes shine Gold, while those with powers that reaches the realm of gods have a multi-colored glow, such as the case of Jewel and Rainbow. Jewel-ranked Eyes are exclusively possessed by Holy Spirits and Magical Beasts from the Age of Gods.

Known Noble Colored Mystic Eyes

Thaumaturgical AttributeEdit

Thaumaturgical Attribute (魔術特性, Majutsu Tokusei?) is one of the components that determines magecraft's effectiveness. Attributes add meaning to elemental magecraft and expand its versatility. There are multiple types, such as Reinforcement, Projection and Conversion. Generally, each magus' lineage is specialized in a certain attribute. This is dependent on generations of research, and the types of mysteries engraved in the Magic Crest. Thus, family attributes cannot be changed in the short term. However, first rate magi tend to possess multiple attributes.

Known Thaumaturgical Attributes by characters and clans:

Family name or Representative
Barthomeloi Almighty[20] -
Edelfelt Conversion[20]
Ore Scales
Family from Finland. Like Tohsaka, prefer jewels magic, which uses the attribute of conversion. They have another attribute with the capacity of effectively having two heirs to succeed their lineage and Thaumaturgical Crest.[20]
Einzbern Flow and transfer of power[20]
Holy Grail
Magic attribute that Einzbern magi are skilled in. They are specialized at the transmutation and creation of materials, that is, alchemy, using this attribute, and are highly skilled in the production of homunculi. Illya often uses magic, using the attribute of transferring, to move the consciousness of others to something else.

For the Einzbern's Lesser Grail, the Holy Grail attribute allows for spellcasting without possessing the knowledge of the spell itself; to skip the thaumaturgical process altogether and recreate miracles just through the use of prana. Still bound to the limitations of the Magic Circuits.

Hermes Silis Atlasia Future[20] -
Hishiri Adashino Poison[21] -
Inorai Valualeta Atroholm Sympathy[22] Her specialty is Sympathetic Magecraft.
Jewel Killer Halting[20] -
MakiriAbsorption[20]The magical attribute passed down through the Matou line. A characteristic of absorption magic is that it has absolute effects on the body. Absorption can be used to bind and control others.
Svin GlascheitRegression[23]-
TohsakaConversion[24]The magical attribute passed down through the Tohsaka line. Tohsaka magi use this attribute to store their own mystic energy in jewels, and can draw it out to use magic when needed.


  1. Fate/EXTRA Blossom Return 3
  2. Fate/Grand Order official website - Story
  3. 8.0 8.1
  4. 14.0 14.1
  5. 16.0 16.1
  6. Fate/complete material II Character material. pg.16: 架空元素を起源とする冬木市の管理者
  7. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7
  8. Fate/stay night Fate Route Day 7

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